top of page
  • Jere Folgert

Buying Garlic Seed or Buying Seed Garlic?

Updated: Dec 25, 2022

Seed Garlic is considered to be the garlic cloves that are separated from the harvested garlic bulbs, which are then planted in the fall. (Seed Garlic is often left to grow for a couple more weeks than garlic that will be sold as food so they grow a bit larger). Planting garlic cloves is the common, usual method for growing garlic. Each garlic clove grows produces a garlic plant above ground and a whole new bulb underground, which is harvested in mid-summer. Normally, growers remove the scapes (the flower stems) in early summer, to allow bulbs to grow larger.

Garlic growers typically save the largest, fattest cloves for planting as they have a greater potential of producing larger, fatter bulbs and cloves the following year. If possible, plant the larger cloves and use the smaller cloves for your culinary creations. Although you can plant garlic sold at the farmer’s market or supermarket, it’s best to use garlic that has been specifically chosen as seed garlic. Buy Garlic Seed Here.

Garlic Seeds, the small, rice-sized seeds that grow at the top of the hardneck garlic scape, are considered to be tiny Bulbils. The scape looks like a large pigtail. Eventually, in late summer, this scape points towards the sky. These reproductive "flowers" may not have any cross-pollination. In simple terms, the bulbils are clones of the mother plant that can be planted to produce a replica of the parent plant. Are you already growing hardneck garlic? If you leave the scape intact, the plant divides its energy between scape and bulb growth. You'll end up with both a garlic bulb (with multiple cloves) and an umbel at the tip of the scape, that contains the garlic seeds. Keep in mind, the garlic bulb in the ground ends up smaller (as compared to a bulb size where the scape was removed from the plant).

Seed Garlic (Garlic Cloves)

While most recipes don't specifically state what type or variety of garlic to use, once you know the basic varieties, you can begin to experiment with the unique flavors and nuances of each type. We've tasted many garlic varieties, softneck and hardneck, raw and cooked, and found a wide range of flavors.

rocambole garlic seed for sale garlic farm garlic near me garlic seed for sale bulk garlic buy garlic plant purple stripe garlic garlic farm near me purple stripe organic garlic for planting organic garlic for sale   garlic farm silverskins garlic sales garlic organic filaree garlic farm blossom garlic rocambole garlic garlic farm near me inchelium red garlic ajo rojo organic asparagus garlic for planting for sale organic garlic for sale near me organic garlic for sale creole garlic filaree farms filaree farm where to buy garlic for planting hardneck garlic for sale buy garlic to plant shallots sets garlic buy garlic bulbs for sale garlic plants for sale farming garlic purple stripe garlic where to buy garlic to plant porcelain garlic garlic for planting garlic bulbs for planting elephant garlic for sale nootka rose garlic organic garlic bulbs fresh organic garlic silverskin garlic organic garlic for planting artichoke garlic garlic plant for sale sweet potatoes slips for sale garlic cloves for planting romanian red garlic spring planted garlic chesnok red garlic heirloom garlic bulbs metechi garlic khabar buy garlic online garlic mesh bag asparagus crowns for sale organic carpathian garlic garlic for sale online garlic to plant persian star garlic how many garlic bulbs in a pound persianstar where to buy garlic wholesale garlic shallots bulbs garlic spacing ajo rojo garlic inchelium red creole red garlic organic garlic cloves where to buy organic garlic creole garlic for sale thermadrone garlic organic shallots garlic spanish roja elephant garlic french grey shallot music garlic for sale how many garlic cloves in a pound how many cloves of garlic in a pound siberian garlic plant garlic spacing portuguese garlic organic planting garlic japanese garlic plant spanish roja garlic for sale garlic bulbs per pound garlic suppliers buying garlic in bulk rose de lautrec garlic shallot starts polish white garlic oregon blue garlic garlic varieties for sale siberian garlic for sale aglio rosso garlic sicilian garlic chesnok red garlic for sale filaree farm coupon code penasco blue garlic red sulmona garlic for sale where to buy organic asparagus burgundy garlic thai garlic bulbs how much garlic to plant filaree garlic farm coupon code organic garlic bulbs for planting dutch red shallots asiatic garlic hardneck garlic bulbs for sale garlic bulbs for sale near me metechi fresh garlic for sale garlic sets for planting buy garlic for growing kettle river giant garlic garlic prices per pound where to buy shallots growing garlic how to bogatyr garlic how many heads of garlic in a pound asian tempest garlic grow great garlic garlic bulbs for planting for sale organic elephant garlic montana zemo garlic buy garlic bulbs for planting where to buy garlic bulbs garlic yield bulk garlic bulbs for sale turban garlic where to buy shallots for planting burgundy creole garlic creole garlic bulbs for sale where to buy garlic cloves for planting growing japanese garlic french shallots for sale growing rocambole garlic lorz italian garlic bulbs purple stripe garlic varieties french red shallot sets glen large garlic for sale korean mountain garlic wholesale garlic bulbs german stiff neck garlic organic purple garlic for sale garlic farm products garlic by the pound idaho silver garlic where to buy garlic leaves garlic online purchase transylvanian garlic online transylvanian garlic garlic for growing garlic cloves for sale where to buy russet burbank potatoes garlic wholesale suppliers where to buy american garlic mad river garlic where to buy elephant garlic green garlic bulbs susanville garlic garlic how to plant gourmet garlic bulbs for sale organic asparagus plants german porcelain garlic garlic plants for sale near me specialty garlic cuban purple garlic organic heirloom asparagus crowns where to buy purple garlic georgia fire garlic spanish roja iowa garlic growers garlic online shopping mexican purple garlic heritage garlic bulbs rose de lautrec ron l engeland where to buy hardneck garlic california early garlic how much is garlic per pound garlic farms in california soft neck garlic varieties moroccan creole garlic italian red garlic florida garlic growers garlic sizing chart thai fire garlic gourmet garlic varieties garlic cloves bulk jersey knight asparagus crowns for sale organic garlic price per pound japan garlic garlic bulk price how do i grow garlic sulmona red garlic varieties of garlic list types of turban growing garlic when to harvest how does a garlic grow the 10 pound plant book garlic scapes wiki storing garlic for planting small farm books when to plant garlic in new jersey how to grow french shallots best tasting artichoke variety how to produce garlic garlic growing in california when to plant garlic in ohio how to grow garlic in oregon how to grow garlic bulbs can i grow garlic how do you grow garlic from a clove what is a clove of garlic size organic onions on feet garlic purple inside how to tell when to harvest garlic how to grow garlic in a garden small mesh net what type of plant is garlic
One of our Twins holding a Hardneck Garlic Plant (Music)

At GroEat Farm (Bozeman, Montana), we grow and sell hardneck garlic.

Hardneck garlic (Allium sativum ophioscorodon) is named for the long flowering stem in the center of the garlic bulb. Hardneck garlic tends to have more flavor than their soft-necked cousins. They're characterized by hard woody central stalks and a long flower stalk (scape) that loops and curls. They tend to have three to fifteen+ cloves in each bulb. Hardneck garlic is often considered to be spicy or hot. Unlike Softneck garlic, the stem of the hardneck garlic is rigid and stiff. Hardneck varieties develop a long flowering stem, called a scape, which eventually develops tiny bulbils at its top end. Underground, around this central flowering stem, is a single row of cloves wrapped together in a papery sheath to form the “head” or bulb of garlic . Hardneck garlic tends to grow best in areas with very cold winters, since they require a longer time of vernalization (a period of time kept in cold winter conditions - to be dormant so they can flower in the spring).

Hardneck garlic is categorized into Hardneck Subtypes. There are three main subtypes of hardneck garlic, including Porcelain, Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe and Rocambole. In addition to the Hardneck Group, there are two other groups including Weakly Bolting Hardneck and Softneck. The garlic family tree is evolving as mapping the genes of the varieties and subvarieties continues. Previously there were thought to be five major groupings referred to as varieties. Currently, there are considered to be ten varieties, eight ophios and two softnecks. The ophios (Allium sativum ophioscorodon) include five true hardneck varieties (Porcelain, Rocambole, Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple Stripe and Glazed Purple Stripe) and three weakly bolting hardnecks that often produce softnecks (Creole, Asiatic and Turban).

garlic for planting, garlic bulbs for planting, elephant garlic for sale, nootka rose garlic, organic garlic bulbs, fresh organic garlic, silverskin garlic, organic garlic for planting, artichoke garlic, garlic plant for sale, garlic cloves for planting,romanian red garlic,spring planted garlic,chesnok red garlic,heirloom garlic bulbs,metechi garlic,khabar,buy garlic online,garlic mesh bag,asparagus crowns for sale organic,carpathian garlic,garlic for sale online,garlic to plant,persian star garlic,how many garlic bulbs in a pound,persianstar,where to buy garlic,wholesale garlic,shallots bulbs,garlic spacing,ajo rojo garlic,inchelium red,creole red garlic,organic garlic cloves,where to buy organic garlic,creole garlic for sale,thermadrone garlic,organic shallots,garlic spanish roja,elephant garlic,french grey shallot,music garlic for sale,how many garlic cloves in a pound,how many cloves of garlic in a pound,siberian garlic,plant garlic spacing,portuguese garlic,organic planting garlic,japanese garlic plant,spanish roja garlic for sale,garlic bulbs per pound,garlic suppliers,buying garlic in bulk,rose de lautrec garlic,shallot starts,polish white garlic,oregon blue garlic,garlic varieties for sale,siberian garlic for sale,aglio rosso garlic,sicilian garlic,chesnok red garlic for sale,groeat farm coupon code,penasco blue garlic,red sulmona garlic for sale,where to buy organic asparagus,burgundy garlic,thai garlic bulbs,how much garlic to plant,groeat garlic farm coupon code,organic garlic bulbs for planting,dutch red shallots,asiatic garlic,hardneck garlic bulbs for sale,garlic bulbs for sale near me,metechi,fresh garlic for sale,garlic sets for planting,buy garlic for growing,kettle river giant garlic,garlic prices per pound,where to buy shallots,growing garlic how to,bogatyr garlic,how many heads of garlic in a pound,asian tempest garlic,grow great garlic,garlic bulbs for planting for sale,organic elephant garlic,montana zemo garlic,buy garlic bulbs for planting,where to buy garlic bulbs,garlic yield,bulk garlic bulbs for sale,turban garlic,where to buy shallots for planting,burgundy creole garlic,creole garlic bulbs for sale,where to buy garlic cloves for planting,growing japanese garlic,french shallots for sale,growing rocambole garlic,lorz italian garlic bulbs,purple stripe garlic varieties,french red shallot sets,glen large garlic for sale,korean mountain garlic,wholesale garlic bulbs,german stiff neck garlic,organic purple garlic for sale,garlic farm products,garlic by the pound,idaho silver garlic,where to buy garlic leaves,garlic online purchase,transylvanian garlic online,transylvanian garlic,garlic for growing,garlic cloves for sale,where to buy russet burbank potatoes,garlic wholesale suppliers,where to buy american garlic,mad river garlic,where to buy elephant garlic,green garlic bulbs,susanville garlic,garlic how to plant,gourmet garlic bulbs for sale,organic asparagus plants,german porcelain garlic,garlic plants for sale near me,specialty garlic,cuban purple garlic,organic heirloom asparagus crowns,where to buy purple garlic,georgia fire garlic,spanish roja,iowa garlic growers,garlic online shopping,mexican purple garlic,heritage garlic bulbs,rose de lautrec,ron l engeland,where to buy hardneck garlic,california early garlic,how much is garlic per pound,garlic farms in california,soft neck garlic varieties,moroccan creole garlic,italian red garlic,florida garlic growers,garlic sizing chart,thai fire garlic,gourmet garlic varieties,garlic cloves bulk,jersey knight asparagus crowns for sale,organic garlic price per pound,japan garlic,garlic bulk price,how do i grow garlic,sulmona red garlic,varieties of garlic list,types of turban,growing garlic when to harvest,how does a garlic grow,the 10 pound plant book,garlic scapes wiki,storing garlic for planting,small farm books,when to plant garlic in new jersey,how to grow french shallots,best tasting artichoke variety,how to produce garlic,garlic growing in california,when to plant garlic in ohio,how to grow garlic in oregon,how to grow garlic bulbs,can i grow garlic,how do you grow garlic from a clove,what is a clove of garlic size
10 Groups of Garlic

Purple Stripe (Hardneck)

Purple Stripe Garlic is a sub-group of Hardneck Garlic. There are about 17 varieties in this sub-group. Some think it's one of the oldest types of garlic, because it's the group of garlic that produces flowers that are fertile. The garlic in this group is visually attractive because of the purple streaks and purple/maroon splashes on the outer skins attached to the cloves and the purple colors on the bulb wrappers. In addition to their vibrance and beautiful appearance, Purple Stripe garlic are very flavorful, usually winning "best baked garlic" taste tests conducted by cooks and chefs at BBC Gardeners' World Magazine, Cooks Country, and Martha Stewart. Purple Stripe garlic plants are easy to recognize in the garden, as their leaves grow at wider angles to the stem as compared to other subtypes.

The subvarieties of Purple Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe, and Marbled Purple Stripe have colors beautiful colors including 'Eggplant Purple" and "Byzantium" speckled with Amaranth, Orchid, Plum, Rose, Gold and Silver hues.  The Marbled Group - a subvariety of Purple Stripe are more similar to Purple Stripes. The wrappers that cover the bulb tend to be marked with smears or spots of color. These strains have about 5 or 6 cloves per bulb.

Rocambole (Hardneck)

Rocambole garlics are known for their "true garlic flavor."   Many people consider them their favorite garlic because of their complex, rich taste. In appearance, they are not as white as other hardnecks; Some even look as if they need to be washed, due to a brownish-purple hue. What they lack in beauty, they make up for in taste. Keep in mind that some rocamboles have sharp, vivid colors. Rocambole garlics tend to have thinner bulb wrappers than other hardnecks and lots of purple striping and markings. In late spring, these low growing plants have a deep green/blue tint. The garlic scape (stalk) that forms in the spring, completes a double loop. (They're the only garlics that do a double loop). Even Though the Rocambole strains have amazing flavor, the disadvantage of Rocambole strains is a shorter storage life than other varieties. Rocamboles are grown successfully in the cooler, northern hemisphere and do not do well in the warmest of climates.

Porcelain (Hardneck)

Porcelain are more "hot" and "garlicky." Porcelains are richly flavored garlic and have a strong raw taste. When cooked, Porcelain garlic has a rich, buttery flavor. Porcelain garlics store longer than most other garlics assuming the storage temperature is cool. As compared to Rocambole, and Purple Stripe varieties, At our farm, the cloves of the Porcelains are often very large and have the appearance of elephant garlic. Most Porcelains are clothed in a white bulb wrappers with only 4 to 6 rounded, symmetrical cloves per bulb.  From a grower's perspective, the fewer cloves per head, results in fewer plants per pound of seed stock.

One of our favorite Porcelain garlics is Music. Music is a fantastic plant producing very large bulbs. When baked or cooked, Music results in a complex, sweet garlic flavour. Hot when consumed raw. Music is a popular variety due to robust and strong, rich and musky taste, vigorous growth, and five to seven very large easy-to-peel cloves. Music is a long-storing garlic, storing into spring and is a Bestseller!

When purchasing garlic to grow in your garden, try different garlic varieties. Each garlic cultivar has a subtly distinct flavor. It’s fun to experiment in the kitchen and discover what flavor each variety can lend to a dish. Hardneck types are great for northern gardeners, but they only store for 3-6 months. There are hundreds of named hardneck garlic varieties, and the diversity they offer in the kitchen is unparalleled. There are so many unique flavors. If you plan to grow your own garlic, they should be planted in well-drained soil that has been amended with compost. The best pH for bulb development is between 6.0 and 7.0. Read the article on Genetic Diversity among U.S. Garlic Clones as Detected Using AFLP Methods by Gayle M. Volk, Adam D. Henk, and Christopher M. Richards.

Garlic Seed (Hardneck Bulbils)

Bulbils are considered the small, undivided bulbs produced in the scape of hardneck garlic. The scape looks like a garlic flower; however, the reproductive parts are for show only, there is no cross-pollination. Essentially, the bulbils are clones of the mother plant that can be planted to produce a replica of this parent. One reason you may wish to grow garlic from bulbils is that many hardneck garlic varieties produce significantly more bulbils than cloves. Some scapes produce more than 30 bulbils, whereas an average bulb has only 5 to 7 cloves. The drawback is that It takes two full seasons to go from bulbil to mature garlic, but you can multiply some varieties much faster with bulbils.

When growing hardneck garlic, if you want bulbils, let the scape grow and mature. Over time, a tiny teardrop-shaped, plumbob-shaped umbel will form, which will store the "bulbils" at the top of the scape. Each bulbil is like a miniature garlic clove, and it will grow if you plant it. After one season, most bulbils grow into a small round bulb that looks like a ping pong ball. It isn't divided into cloves. These "rounds" can be peeled and eaten, but if they're planted for a second year they usually grow into a regular garlic bulb, with the usual cloves. Bulbil-grown garlic is considered to be genetically identical to its parent plant. Though bulbils aren't considered true seeds.

If you wish to grow garlic from bulbils, plan to wait at least two (2) years before you get a garlic bulb with multiple cloves. Two years might seem like a long time, though bulbil-grown garlic has an advantage. Typically, the umbel at the tip of the garlic scape and umbel likely do not carry soil-borne plant diseases, and, likely will not infect the underground bulbs. Growing garlic from bulbils can reduce the transmission of soil-based diseases. If garlic is grown year after year in soil that contains disease organisms, the diseases may build up and the yield declines. If you've observed soil-based pathogens in your soil, Bulbils might be a solution.

When planting bulbils, plan to plant them in the fall. They will produce a garlic plant, and you can harvest the "garlic rounds" (that look like a ping pong ball) in mid-summer. Because the garlic bulbils are small, they will likely produce a plant that is small, like a miniature garlic plant. When planting in the soil or raised bed gardens, shove them about 5-8 inches deep, about 3 inches apart. When planting in containers, plan to use deep containers so there is plenty of room for the roots to grow deep. To prevent the containers from drying out, and to allow the bulbils to be exposed to cold conditions, try digging a hole in the fall, and submerging the containers into the ground, outdoors before winter. When spring arrives, the tiny bulbils should sprout and begin to grow. Be sure they do not get too much water and remove any weeds that develop. A small shot of nitrogen (N) will help the plant get established. Around the last week in July, plan to "dig up" your bulbils, which should have grown into "rounds" - about the size of a 1/2-inch ping pong ball. Plant these "rounds" in soil, the fall, around Halloween. Similar to garlic cloves, they likely will grow into fully-divided garlic bulbs by next summer.


Jere Folgert is the owner of GroEat Garlic Farm in Bozeman, Montana. GroEat Farm is a small, sustainable family farm located in the beautiful Hyalite Foothills, in the shadows of the Gallatin Mountain Range.  The hardneck varieties that they grow on their farm flourish, due to the combination of the cold winters, temperate summers, moist spring, and the dynamic alluvial soils, washed down from the Gallatin Range.

Hashtag tags (#garlic, #purplestripe, #marbledpurplestripe, #garlicseed, #hardneck, #softneck, #glazedgarlic, #compost, #garlicph, #growyourown, #growgarlic, #eatgarlic, #garlicbreath)

1,364 views1 comment

Recent Posts

See All
bottom of page